Monica Crowley is Trump’s pick to head the National Security Council and also appears to be a serial plagiarist.
For the second time in three days, work published by Crowley as her own has been revealed to be lifted and/or insufficiently attributed to the actual author.
CNN reported on Saturday that Crowley had plagiarized more than 50 passages in her 2012 book What the (Bleep) Just Happened — now a Politico investigation has found that Crowley also plagiarized numerous passages from the dissertation she submitted to earn an international relations Ph.D. from Columbia University in 2000.
The dissertation was dedicated to, among others, Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon.
Politico reports that “by checking passages in the document against the sources Crowley cites,” they discovered she’d “lifted passages from her footnoted texts, occasionally making slight wording changes but rarely using quotation marks. Sometimes she didn’t footnote at all.”
Crowley’s dissertation relied heavily on uncredited ideas and language from John Lewis Gaddis’ Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy during the Cold War and Thomas Christensen’s 1996 book Useful Adversaries: Grand Strategy, Domestic Mobilization, and Sino-American Conflict, 1947-1958.
Parts of Crowley’s dissertation qualify for all three tiers of plagiarism as defined by Columbia, reports Politico. She commits “Unintentional Plagiarism,” which is essentially failure to properly attribute without actual intent to claim another’s work as one’s own; and in other cases it “appears to violate types I and II of Columbia’s definition of ‘Intentional Plagiarism.” That is, in some instances Crowley “direct copy and paste” and “small modification by word switch,” “without quotation or reference to the source.”
“Direct copy and paste” seems to better fit her approach when putting together her 2012 book, according to CNN’s report. In it she “lifted an entire section on Keynesian economics from the IAC-owned website Investopedia.”
In another passage of the book Crowley gives a “pork” project list that she claims is made up of items from the 2009 federal stimulus bill, but the items were in fact “copied wholesale from a conservative list of pork barrel spending,” most of which was first posted to a podiatrist’s website 12 years ago.